Use these tools to help you organize and cite your references:
If you have questions after consulting this guide about how to cite, please contact your advisor/professor or the writing and communication center.
Because there is no one standard citation style used at MIT:
Academic organizations and some disciplines outline their own styles of how to cite sources and format research papers. You may have heard of or used some of the styles before.
Consult these print and online style guides for examples of citing sources in the text of your paper and in a bibliography or reference list. See also information about citation software packages supported by the MIT Libraries.
MLA: Modern Language Association [Humanities]
APA: American Psychological Association [Social Sciences]
CMS: Chicago Manual of Style [various subjects]
ACS: American Chemical Society
CSE: Council of Science Editors
IEEE: Institute of Electronics & Electrical Engineers
NLM: National Library of Medicine or AMA: American Medical Association
Various styles - the following resources provide examples of citing sources in several styles