Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
What you'll find here
Many people and organizations are working to make changes to P&T policies & processes. There are toolkits from England and Finland, declarations & manifestos out of Hong Kong and Leiden. Each tackles different aspects of researcher assessment and rewards, trustworthiness, rigor and transparency, and other issues. Below are a few of the latest and/or best-known changemakers and tools for change.
Changemakers & tools for change
The Declaration on Research Assessment calls for reforms to research assessment policies & practices, including eliminating the use of metrics like the journal impact factor. DORA has a resource library with links to tools, articles, & case studies, and recently got a $1.2 million grant to develop new policies for assessment in academia.
Initiative focused particularly on the humanities and social sciences that promotes evaluating scholarship based on values, using “humane” indicators. See this essay for background and details on the HuMetricsHSS philosophy.
Linguistic Society of America Statement on the Scholarly Merit and Evaluation of Open Scholarship in Linguistics
An example of a scholarly society encouraging changes to promotion and tenure practices. For example, they suggest incentivizing open scholarship by emphasizing its importance in the language of job advertisements, internal review materials, and external letter requests.
- Make Data Count
An example of an initiative working to promote a "non-traditional" scholarly output and make it a “first class” research product by developing a framework to standardize and collect data usage metrics.
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine Roundtable on Aligning Incentives for Open Science
In 2021 the NASEM roundtable released a toolkit for fostering open science practices that came out of workshops, working groups, and meetings among leaders of universities, funding agencies, societies, foundations, and industry. The toolkit includes resources to encourage and support open science practices at different levels; i.e., for researchers, administrators, funders, societies.
- UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science
2021 recommendations take a human rights approach to science, saying it shouldn’t be imposed on us by experts; it’s an interaction with everyone -- and everyone is a stakeholder. The recommendations define shared values and principles and identify concrete measures on open access and open data, "with proposals to bring citizens closer to science and commitments to facilitate the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge around the world."
- Utrecht University’s Open Science program
Utrecht University's new Open Science program, which departments will implement in 2022, has four tracks: Open access, FAIR data/software, public engagement, and recognition & rewards. Some of their changes to promotion and tenure include: Move away from JIF and other “simple counting”; instead, consider all types of outputs and a narrative assessment. Metrics should only be used to support or complement qualitative measures. Refer to the Leiden Manifesto as a guide to using metrics. Incentivize collaboration and teamwork, teaching, leadership, and societal impact.