Disinformation, also called propaganda or fake news, refers to any form of communication that is intended to mislead. The information in the communication is purposefully false or contains a misrepresentation of the truth. Disinformation can be used by individuals, companies, media outlets, and even government agencies.
Types of Disinformation
Quoted from: Ungvarsky, J. (2020). Disinformation. In Salem Press Encyclopedia. Salem Press.
We use the Merriam-Webster definitions, where disinformation is characterized by its intent to deceive.
Our friends at the University of Iowa Libraries put together a helpful seven part video series on Research and Disinformation
Google Scholar - Free resource which can be linked to MIT Libraries for full text and cited reference