This is the "Demographic Census data" page of the "Census and Demographic Data" guide.
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Census and Demographic Data  

Last Updated: Jun 26, 2014 URL: http://libguides.mit.edu/census Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Demographic Census data Print Page
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Demographic and housing data from the U.S. Census Bureau

  • FactFinder  Icon
    Smallest Geography: Census Tract
    Dates: 2000-
    Format: Downloadable data tables.
  • TIGER boundary files
    Content: Line .shp files for a variety of geographies and years to which tabular data can be joined for use in a GIS.
    Dates: 1992, 2000, 2006-
    Format: .shp files
  • TIGER files pre-joined with demographic data  
      
    Content: Shapefiles joined with selected demographic characteristics.
    Smallest Geography: zip code tabulation area and census tract
    Dates: 2007-
    Format: .shp files
  • Census Data Access Tools
    Tools and software that can be used to access Census Bureau data.
  • Data Ferrett
    Smallest Geography: Block Group, some Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS)
    Dates: 1990-, with some data back to 1850
    Format: Downloadable data tables
  • Geolytics
    Available on Computer LIB-GIS-6 in the GIS lab.
    Smallest Geography: Block Group, some blocks for selected censuses
    Dates: 1960-
    Format: .dbf tables and .shp files
  • Social Explorer  Icon
    Smallest Geography: Block Group
    Dates: 1790-
    Format: maps that can be exported as images, downloadable data tables
  • ArcGIS Online  
      
    Smallest Geography: Block Group
    Dates: 2010-
    Format: Shapefiles hosted on the ESRI server. Some may be available for download.
  • Massachusetts State Data Center
    Census data re-released, focusing on Massachusetts.
    Smallest Geography: City or town
    Dates: 1930-
  • State Data Centers
    Re-released Census Bureau data with a state and local focus.
    Smallest Geography: City or town
    Dates: Varies

Micro data

  • Data Ferrett
    Smallest Geography: Block Group, some Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS)
    Dates: 1990-, with some data back to 1850
    Format: Downloadable data tables
  • IPUMS-USA
    Harmonized microdata
    Smallest Geography: PUMA
    Dates: 1850-
  • ICPSR  
      
      Icon
    Smallest Geography: Varies, some down to Census Tract
    Dates: 1790-

Normalized data

  • Geolytics  
      
    Available on Computer LIB-GIS-6 in the GIS lab.
    Dates: 1970-2010
    Format: .dbf tables and .shp files
  • Longitudinal Tract Database  
      
    Smallest Geography: Census Tract
    Dates: 1970-
    Format: Access database, Stata code
  • IPUMS-USA
    Harmonized microdata
    Smallest Geography: PUMA
    Dates: 1850-

Historical data

  • Geolytics
    Available on Computer LIB-GIS-6 in the GIS lab.
    Smallest Geography: Block Group, some blocks for selected censuses
    Dates: 1960-
    Format: .dbf tables and .shp files
  • Data Ferrett
    Smallest Geography: Block Group, some Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS)
    Dates: 1990-, with some data back to 1850
    Format: Downloadable data tables
  • Social Explorer  Icon
    Smallest Geography: Block Group
    Dates: 1790-
    Format: maps that can be exported as images, downloadable data tables
  • National Historic Geographic Information System (NHGIS)  
      
    Smallest Geography: Varies, some down to Blocks
    Dates: 1790-
    Format: Downloadable data tables and .shp boundary files.
  • Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts
    Smallest Geography: Varies, some places
    Dates: 1790-
  • Historical Census Browser
    Smallest Geography: County
    Census data by year or topic. (U. Virginia)
    Dates: 1790-1960
    Format: Downloadable data tables, some mapping capabilities
  • ICPSR  
      
      Icon
    Smallest Geography: Varies, some down to Census Tract
    Dates: 1790-
  • Census FTP Site
    Access to older Census data files not available via American Fact Finder.
    Date: 1980-

Census Bureau Methodology

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