Skip to main content

MIT Libraries logo MIT Libraries

Search Account

March 4: Scientists, Students, and Society: Archival Collections

Archival Collections

MIT Institute Records

In accordance with MIT Policy 13.3: All records generated or received by the various administrative and academic offices of the Institute in the conduct of their business, regardless of the form in which they are created and maintained, are the property of the Institute and constitute archival material. Institute records are found in the Institute Archives and Special Collections and given an "AC" collection number.

 

MIT, Office of the President and Office of the Chairman of the Corporations, records of Howard W. Johnson (AC-0118)

The collection documents Howard Johnson's years as president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and chairman of the MIT Corporation, over the period 1966 to 1983. (from finding aid)

  • Box 107: Demonstrations: Research strike, 1969 March 4

Draft statement by Howard Johnson (not published), circa March 1969, AC-0118, Box 107.  Draft statement by Howard Johnson (not published), circa March 1969, AC-0118, Box 107.

Summary of meeting of March 20, 1969, AC-0118, Box 107.  Summary of meeting of March 20, 1969, AC-0118, Box 107.

The War Continues flyer, 1969 February 20, AC-0118, Box 107.  The War Continues flyer, 1969 February 20, AC-0118, Box 107.

James R. Killian to Howard Johnson letter, 1969 February 27, AC-0118, Box 107.  James R. Killian to Howard Johnson letter, 1969 February 27, AC-0118, Box 107.

Statement by students, 1969, AC-0118, Box 107.  Statement by students, 1969, AC-0118, Box 107.

To members of the faculty draft of resolution, 1969 February 5, AC-0118, Box 107.  To members of the faculty draft of resolution, 1969 February 5, AC-0118, Box 107.

To members of the MIT faculty statement, 1969 February 19, AC-0118, Box 107.  To members of the MIT faculty statement, 1969 February 19, AC-0118, Box 107.


MIT, Academic Council (AC-0061)

In 1939 James R. Killian, executive assistant to Massachusetts Institute of Technology president Karl T. Compton, established a budget and review committee, composed of deans of the schools, to improve cooperation and understanding between the faculty and administration. When Killian became president of MIT in 1949, he reorganized the committee into Academic Council to serve as an advisory body for academic policy. The president serves as chairman and the provost or chancellor as vice chairman; other members are the vice presidents, deans of the schools, academic deans, associate provosts, chair of the faculty, and director of libraries. At present (2011), Academic Council meets weekly to confer on matters of Institute academic policy. (from finding aid)

  • Box 2: Academic Council, 1969 March 4

MIT, Office of the President and Chancellor, records of Jerome B. Wiesner (AC-0008)

The collection is composed primarily of records of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The dates of the records in the collection span from 1960 to 1984, though the bulk was created between 1966, when Wiesner was appointed provost, and 1980, when he retired as president of MIT. The collection also includes records created when Wiesner was director of MIT’s Research Laboratory of Electronics (1952-1960), dean of science (1964-1966), and provost (1966-1971). There are a few files from Wiesner’s tenure as Science Advisor to the President (John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson) from 1961 through 1964. (from finding aid)

  • Box 98: Students – Research stoppage (4 March 1969), 1968-1970

March Fourth! One day voluntary research stoppage at MIT, Cornell, Yale...flyer, 1969 February, AC-0008, Box 98.  March Fourth! One day voluntary research stoppage flyer, 1969 February, AC-0008, Box 98.

Draft of letter to Jerome Wiesner with handwritten note from Francis Low, 1968 December, AC-0008, Box 98.  Draft of letter to Jerome Wiesner with note from Francis Low, 1968 December, AC-0008, Box 98.

Letter from Jerome Wiesner to Francis Low, 1968 December 6, AC-0008, Box 98.  Letter from Jerome Wiesner to Francis Low, 1968 December 6, AC-0008, Box 98.


MIT, Office of the President, records of Vice President Constantine B. Simonides (AC-0276)

In 1966, Howard W. Johnson was elected president of MIT. Johnson appointed Simonides assistant to the president, a post Simonides held until 1970.

The records from this period reflect the MIT community’s response to the Vietnam War and to MIT’s relationship to the federal government, especially to the Department of Defense and the armed forces. As Johnson’s assistant, Simonides was a member of a group of faculty and administrators who worked to monitor and defuse potentially volatile political situations on campus during the late 1960s and early 1970s ; these efforts are documented through extensive clipping files (box 25, 27), photographs (Series VI, boxes 62-63), correspondence (boxes 29-30), and reports of eyewitnesses to campus events (box 29). (from finding aid)

  • Box 21: Social Action Coordinating Committee, 4 March 1969, 1969 March 4

MIT, Review Panel on Special Laboratories records (AC-0054)

President Howard W. Johnson established the Review Panel on Special Laboratories (also known as the Pounds Panel) in April 1969 to examine the relationship between MIT and two of its laboratories that carried out defense department research—the Instrumentation Laboratory and Lincoln Laboratory—and to review the appropriateness of Institute sponsorship of the laboratories’ programs. Subsequently, the Instrumentation Laboratory became an independent, not-for-profit organization formally divested from MIT in 1973 (named Draper Laboratory for Charles Stark Draper, the founder and director of the Instrumentation Lab, and MIT Institute Professor). (from finding aid)


MIT, School of Engineering, Office of the Dean records (AC-0012)

  • Box 71: Work Stoppage correspondence, 1969 March 4

MIT, Social Action Coordinating Committee (AC-0349)

The Science Action Coordinating Committee (SACC) was founded in early 1969 by a small group of physics and biology graduate students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to work for radical economic and political change within MIT and the country through education and symbolic protest. SACC's members were undergraduate and graduate students; Noam Chomsky was the group's faculty advisor. Between 1969 and 1973 SACC participated in many anti-military research and anti-war protests. Together with the MIT faculty chapter of the Union of Concerned Scientists, SACC co-sponsored a research work stoppage and teach-in on March 4, 1969, to "devise a means for turning the application of research from military uses and toward the solution of environmental and social problems." Late in 1970 SACC changed its name to the Social Action Coordinating Committee and became involved in a broader range of causes, including local tenants' issues, workers' job actions, preventing the deportation of Vietnamese students at MIT, and opposing the training of Iranian nuclear engineers. SACC ceased in 1977. (from finding aid)

  • Box 1: March 4th activities: Leaflets, 1969 (3 folders)
  • Box 1: Union of Concerned Scientists involvement in March 4th activities: Position papers and clippings, 1969
  • Box 1: March 4th activities: Clippings and leaflets, 1969 (3 folders)

Science Action Coordinating Committee, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.  Science Action Coordinating Committee, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

Social Action Coordinating Committee, March 4th student statement, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.  Social Action Coordinating Committee, March 4th student statement, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

The Old Mole, March 4th Special, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.  The Old Mole, March 4th Special, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

March 4, UCS, SACC sign, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.  March 4, UCS, SACC sign, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

Partial list of March 4th activities in other places, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1  Partial list of March 4th activities in other places, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

Letter from MIT New University Conference to the participants in March 4, 1969, AC-0349.  Letter from MIT New University Conference to the participants in March 4, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

An open letter to undergraduates, 1969 February 7, AC-0349, Box 1.  An open letter to undergraduates, 1969 February 7, AC-0349, Box 1.

An open letter to foreign students from foreign students of SACC, 1969 March 1, AC-0349, Box 1.  An open letter to foreign students from foreign students of SACC, 1969 March 1, AC-0349, Box 1.

MIT March Fourth SACC, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.  MIT March Fourth SACC, 1969, AC-0349, Box 1.

SACC newsletter no. 1, 1969 April 1, AC-0349, Box 1.  SACC newsletter no. 1, 1969 April 1, AC-0349, Box 1.


MIT, Office of the Vice President and Dean of the Graduate School, records of Kenneth R. Wadleigh (AC-0378)

Kenneth R. Wadleigh was appointed vice president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1969. In 1975 the title was changed to vice president and dean of the graduate school. Wadleigh retired from the office in 1983. In 1961 Wadleigh, a professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, was named dean for student affairs. During the 1960s this office aided in the organization and growth of student services. In 1969 Wadleigh was appointed vice president and directed special projects including further development of the student residence system. In 1970 oversight of the Registrar's Office and the Medical Department was added to Wadleigh's responsibilities. In 1975 Wadleigh was given responsibility for the Office of the Dean of the Graduate School. By 1980, Wadleigh, now the vice president and dean of the graduate school, was responsible for the Graduate School, the Medical Department, the Division of Comparative Medicine, and the Registrar's Office. As dean of the gradaute school, Wadleigh was responsible for developing graduate student policies, recruiting minority students, and assisting in the procurement of financial support for graduate students. As director of the Medical Department, Wadleigh helped establish health care services for the entire MIT community. In 1983 Wadleigh resigned his administrative responsibilities and returned to the Department of Mechanical Engineering. (from finding aid)

  • Box 13: Student Action Coordinating Committee (SACC), 1969 March 4

Minutes of the Academic Council, 1969 January 21, AC-0378, Box 13.  Minutes of the Academic Council, 1969 January 21, AC-0378, Box 13.


MIT, Office of the Vice President for Administration and Personnel, records of James Culliton, assistant (AC-0416)

James Culliton, 1938-1996, served as assistant to John Wynne, vice president for administration and personnel, from 1969 to 1972. The collection is composed of materials concerning student activism and unrest at MIT. Included are files on rallies, demonstrations, and other events on campus; individual students; MIT student groups; and national or regional student groups. Information on anti-war activities, minority student issues, political issues, bomb threats, and legal actions taken by and against MIT is included. The collection includes photographs of events on campus and of individual students. Also included are photographic negatives, audiotape, and 16mm film. (from finding aid)

  • Box 1: Social inquiry – March 4 Committee

Manuscript Collections

The vast majority of the manuscript collections in the Institute Archives consist of personal papers of MIT faculty members. Collections of personal papers at MIT document various aspects of an individual's teaching, research, and professional life. The contents of the collections are wide-ranging and include records such as research notes, course materials, reports, consulting or committee files, drafts of published works, and visual materials. The collections are often donated to MIT at the time of the faculty member's retirement, or as projects are completed and the files pertaining to them become inactive.

 

Science for the People (MC-0498)

The group eventually known as Science for the People originated at the January 1969 meeting of the American Physical Society (APS). Originally named Scientists for Social and Political Action (SSPA), the name was soon changed to include “Engineers” (SESPA) as industrial and other scientific workers joined. SESPA was formed by APS members who felt that the Society was unresponsive to their demands that it formally declare itself against the Vietnam War. In 1969, members of SESPA were involved in the "March 4" panel discussions and talks at MIT. (from finding aid)

  • Box 2: Leaflets, 1969-1989

Annamaria Torriani-Gorini papers (MC-0702)

Annamaria Toriani-Gorini was a professor in the Department of Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). (from finding aid)

  • Box 1: Overall points for consideration, March 4 Coalition

 To free ourselves from the web we must understand it flyer, 1969, MC-0702, Box 1.  To free ourselves from the web we must understand it flyer, 1969, MC-0702, Box 1.

March 4th at MIT schedule flyer, 1969, MC-0702, Box 1.  March 4th at MIT schedule flyer, 1980s, MC-0702, Box 1.


Victor Frederick Weisskopf papers (MC-0572)

Victor Frederick Weisskopf’s papers include correspondence, meeting agendas, minutes, reports, papers, newspaper clippings, audio tapes and cassettes, films, research notes and calculations, draft manuscripts, lecture and reading notes, and photographs and slides. The papers document Weisskopf’s professional and personal life from the 1920s through 2002. The bulk of the collection dates from the 1960s through the early 1990s, reflecting his role as a physicist, educator, administrator, and advocate of social and political causes. (from finding aid)

Audio Recordings

These audio recordings need to be reformatted before a researcher can access them.

 

Hans A Bethe speech (MC-0197)

Hans Bethe, professor of physics at Cornell University, and a Nobel laureate, was a speaker at the Massachusetts Institute panel "Arms Control, Disarmament, and National Security" held on March 4, 1969. Bethe, an opponent of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) program addressed that topic. March 4 was set aside as for a teach in series of talks and panel discussions that were sponsored by the Union of Concerned Scientists at MIT and in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts and held on March 3 and 4, 1969. (from finding aid)

  • Audio recording of Hans Bethe comments as part of the MIT March 4, 1969 panel "Arms Control, Disarmament, and National Security", 1969 March 4

March 4 Teach-In Anniversary (AC-0212)

  • Audio recording George Wald, Michael Albert, Jay Fay, Lisa Greber, Dirk Karis, and James Melcher at the twentieth anniversary of the March 4, 1969 teach in, 1989 March 3

Contact the Institute Archives & Special Collections (IASC)

For all reference requests, please use the form Ask the Archives.

MIT Institute Archives and Special Collections reading room
IASC reading room

Location:
Building 14N-118
In the Hayden Library, 160 Memorial Drive

Mailing address:
Building 14N-118
77 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 USA

E-mail: mithistory@mit.edu
Telephone: 617.253.5136
Fax: 617.258.7305