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Books at MIT Libraries
Armed with Expertise by
Publication Date: 2013-09-17
During the height of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Pentagon launched a controversial counterinsurgency program called the Human Terrain System. The program embedded social scientists within military units to provide commanders with information about the cultures and grievances of local populations. Yet the controversy it inspired was not new.
Calculating a Natural World by
Publication Date: 2006-11-01
Describes the interplay of academic, commercial, and government and military interests that produced a burst of scientific discovery and technological innovation in computing during the Cold War.
Chain Reaction by
Publication Date: 1991-10-25
Path-breaking research into the Atomic Energy Commission's internal memorandum files supports this text's explanation of how and why America came to depend so heavily on its experts after World War II and why their authority and political clout declined in the 1970s.
The Contours of America's Cold War by
Publication Date: 2010-10-26
In The Contours of America's Cold War, Matthew Farish explores new ways of conceptualizing space as part of post-World War II American militarism. He demonstrates how the social sciences were militarized in the early Cold War period, producing spatial knowledge that was of immediate use to the state as it sought to expand its reach across the globe.
Disrupting Science by
Publication Date: 2008-01-27
In the decades following World War II, American scientists were celebrated for their contributions to social and technological progress. They were also widely criticized for their increasingly close ties to military and governmental power--not only by outside activists but from among the ranks of scientists themselves. Disrupting Science tells the story of how scientists formed new protest organizations that democratized science and made its pursuit more transparent.
Holding the Center by
Publication Date: 1999-06-11
Howard Wesley Johnson has been associated with MIT for more than forty years and been a major influence on the modernization and expansion of many of its programs. He will be most remembered as a management educator and as MIT's president during the turbulent late 1960s and early 1970s. The title of his memoirs reflects his central, usually lonely position in those days, trying to hold together an institution often torn apart by the turmoil of the times.
Nuclear Power and Social Power by
Publication Date: 1996-11-26
We often think of 'progress' and 'economic growth' as natural developments that benefit various members of society. This title challenges this view and instead suggests that specific definitions of progress and economic growth can be molded by powerful individuals, organizations, and classes.
The Pro-War Movement by
Publication Date: 2013-07-01
In the vast literature on the Vietnam War, much has been written about the antiwar movement and its influence on U.S. policy and politics. In this book, Sandra Scanlon shifts attention to those Americans who supported the war and explores the war's impact on the burgeoning conservative political movement of the 1960s and early 1970s.
Scientists at War by
Publication Date: 2015-04-06
Scientists at War examines the ethical debates that severely tested the American scientific community during the Cold War. Sarah Bridger highlights the contributions of scientists to military technologies and strategic policymaking, from the dawning atomic age in the 1940s through the Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars") in the 1980s, which sparked a cross-generational opposition among scientists.