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Handbooks, Dictionaries, and Essay Collections - General
The sources below either cover many different subjects, literature being one, or are not limited to a particular genre or time period.
Encyclopedia covering a wide variety of subjects.
Gale Literature Resource Center
Encyclopedia and journal articles about writers from a variety of fields and time periods.
Gale Virtual Reference Library
Specialized online encyclopedias covering a variety of topics
LION (LIterature ONline)
Provides biographical essays and criticism on authors from all genres and time periods.
Oxford English Dictionary
Web version of the Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.) and the Additions Series. New entries and revisions are added quarterly.
Oxford Reference Online
Reference sources in a single cross-searchable interface plus key titles from the acclaimed Oxford Companion series.
Scribner Writer Series
Literary criticism and overviews of writers from around the world. Antiquity to the present.
Literary criticism and in-depth introductions to writers from around the world, from antiquity to the present. Also includes essays on specific works.
Handbooks, Dictionaries, and Guides - Specific Topics
American Women Writers, 1900-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Offers biographical information and critical reception of major works for women authors who published their most significant works in the first half of the twentieth century.
Bioethics and Medical Issues in Literature
Essays that use literature to explore several scientific and medical issues.
Essays on contemporary novelists from around the world.
Essays on contemporary poets from around the world.
Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism
Provides overviews of particular kinds of literary theory.
Oxford Companion to the Book
Edited by Michael F. Suarez and H. R. Woudhuysen. Covers the history of the book from antiquity to the present.
Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics 2012
Covers all aspects of poetry, including terminology and history. 2012 edition. Also contains link to the 1993 edition, The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics.
Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism
Covers eight key subject areas including Literature, Architecture, Visual Arts, Music, Dance, Theatre, Film, and Intellectual Currents. Over one thousand articles, global in scope, with interdisciplinary content on the Modernist period.
UXL Graphic Novelists
Essays on major writers and artists.
Other General Reference Works on the Web
Comparative Media Studies, Literature, Philosophy, and Theater Arts Librarian
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